|Home Page||WorldConnect Family File||Contact Me|
|Pioneers of the Bay of Quinte|
It is well known in Quinte historical circles that in 1792, Philip Dorland, a Quaker, was elected to the first Assembly in Upper Canada but refused to take the oath because of Quaker principles and thus forfeited his seat. What is not as widely known is that he was a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary War and was granted 2100 acres as a Loyalist. This was and still is very much against Quaker principles. This web page is focussed on examining these two conflicting aspects of his life.
The genealogy of the Dorland family is well documented and no effort is made here to repeat what is known. There is a worthwhile book on line titled, The Dorland Family in America, John Dorland Cremer, Pub. Byron S. Adams, 1898.
Use these links to jump up and down this page.
Part 1 - the story as supported in the contemporary record
Philip Dorland was a Quaker living in Dutchess County, NY and in 1779 he was disowned because "he carried [a] pistole to defend himself and also that he has absconded" taking up with the British. He was made a Lieutenant in Abraham Cuyler's Corps in Long Island. In Dec 1780, Philip's father, Samuel Dorland, paid a fine for having one son who had "gone to the enemy." The Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, have as one of the cornerstones of its Discipline something called the Peace Testimony. Friends have refused to bear arms and they have often been fined or imprisoned for not participating in military action. Quakers were held to account for their actions and it was clear that Philip was disowned in 1779 for taking up arms.
Philip's brother, Thomas Dorland, was a sergeant with the Associated Loyalists and likely disowned as well though no disownment for him has been found. Some secondary sources state that Thomas was a Captain during the Revolutionary War and with Burgoyne in 1777. Thomas was 18 in 1777 and was not a Captain. The record shows that in 1780, Samuel Dorland paid a fine for having one son with the enemy and that would be Philip. Further, in Dec 1781 Samuel Dorland posts a bond of £100 "to ensure that Thomas would not leave Beekman." Loyalist records state that Thomas was a sergeant with the Associated Loyalists. He may have been a sergeant in an earlier unit after 1781 because the Associated Loyalists were formed under Peter Vanalstine and Michael Grass in 1783 for the evacuation of Loyalists from New York which was a major undertaking.
In the fall of 1783, Philip and Thomas were in New York City waiting to be evacuated to Canada. Philip sailed with Major Peter Vanalstine on the ship Three Sisters & Grace to Sorel, Quebec, where they overwintered. Thomas may have come overland or on another ship as he was also in Sorel with his wife receiving their rations. In 1784 Philip and Thomas came with Peter VanAlstine to Adolphustown and were granted land. By 1791, after a series of land grants, Philip had been granted 2100 acres of land and Thomas received 1200 - examine the grants starting here.
Thomas Dorland ends up obtaining the lease to operate the ferry from Adolphustown to Glenora as mentioned in petitions in 1809 and 1812. Thomas becomes a Captain in the militia and was active in the war of 1812. He was elected as the representative of Lennox and Addington in the 4th and 5th sessions of the Upper Canada Legislative Assembly from 1805 to 1812. Thomas remains a non Quaker.
In August 1792, Philip was elected to the first session of the Legislative Assembly in Upper Canada as a representative for Prince Edward and Adolphustown. When the representatives first met on 17 Sep 1792, Philip Dorland refused to take the oath due to his Quaker principles and thus forfeited his seat. On 19 Sep 1792 the returning officer was instructed to elect another member and Peter Vanalstine was subsequently elected to replace Philip.
Interestingly, Philip Dorland was not a Quaker in good standing at that time. He had been disowned in 1779 and never asked to have an acknowledgment accepted. So on 12mo 1792, Philip requested Nine Partners to accept his acknowledgment; which they did.
What do we make of this? Philip Dorland was a birthright Quaker and in 1779, at the age of 24, took off with his pistol to join Col Abraham Cuyler in Long Island. He was disowned for violating the Peace Testimony which has always been central to Quaker discipline. He had birth roots in Long Island and perhaps there was family and land to protect. It is obvious that Philip was a man of character and ability and a leader by nature. Living in Upper Canada, Philip must have encouraged other settlers to request membership in Nine Partners MM. He may have influenced Quakers like Amos Bull to come to Upper Canada. The Nine Partner minutes start to show entries regarding members living in Upper Canada as early as 1793.
In 1798, Adolphustown was made a Preparative Meeting under Nine Partners Monthly Meeting and the first meeting was held in Philip Dorland's house and he was appointed clerk. Philip was a "weighty" member and active in the business of establishing the Quakers in the area. The centre of Quaker settlement in the Quinte area shifts to Bloomfield, on West Lake, in Prince Edward County and by 1821 the West Lake Meeting becomes the Monthly Meeting and Adolphustown returns to being a Preparative meeting under West Lake.
Discussions to create a superior meeting in Canada began as early as 1807. Again, Enoch Dorland was appointed to the committee discussing Upper Canada having its own Half Yearly Meeting. In 1810, the three Monthly Meetings in Upper Canada; Pelham in the Niagara area, Yonge Street near Newmarket and West Lake became subordinate to the Canada Half Yearly Meeting which was under the New York Yearly Meeting. Philip was active throughout all these discussions. No longer did Adolphustown business have to go through Nine Partners.
In the very first Half Yearly meeting in 1810 a committee was struck to consider, "The propriety of friends [Quakers] accepting lands from Government under and by virtue of the Proclamation in such cases granted to UE Loyalists which with the proof it requires being considered a breech of our discipline." The committee reports six months later that,"we give it as our united belief that no member of our religious society can consistent with our principles receive or accept of such lands or other rewards whatever from Government as is given for actual service in war or for aiding or assisting therein." Philip Dorland was not appointed to this committee but his brother John was. Philip dies in 1814 as a Quaker in good standing. Philip's will survives and is transcribed below.
Part 2 - the impact of Philip being a Loyalist
After the first Half Yearly Meeting on 8mo 1810 all Quakers in Upper Canada would know that the issue of Quakers accepting lands as a Loyalist was being examined by a committee. At the next monthly meeting in Adolphustown Philip was appointed as an Overseer and also appointed as a representative to the next Half Yearly Meeting. In early 1811 at the second Half Yearly Meeting all Quakers were now informed that to accept a loyalist grant was inconsistent with our principles. Philip married his second wife in 1811, Lydia Shotwell, a Quaker, and she was quickly accepted into membership by a removal certificate and in 1813 was elected an Elder. Philip was appointed an overseer again in 1812. It is abundantly clear that Philip was not being ostracized for having accepted 2100 acres as a loyalist and was considered a "weighty" member.
Jealousy is a feeling known to everyone and it is hard to believe that brother John would not harbour some lingering feelings about his brothers Thomas and Philip profiting from being Loyalists.
Perhaps Philip was totally forgiven. However, examining the children of Philip, Thomas and John does suggest that there may have been some consequence for being a loyalist. All the children of Thomas and all but one of Philip's, petition for and are granted 200 acres as sons or daughters of a loyalist. Of course, John Dorland's children do not qualify to receive the "bounty" as children of a loyalist .
In this lineage below of the families, the entries in the Adolphustown minutes of the children are examined and comments added to the lineage. The lineage shows that:
Part 3 - the story as told in later secondary sources
Much has been written about Philip and Thomas Dorland given their early role in Adolphustown's history and some of it is in error, some of it can't be verified and much of it is quite correct. It is left to the reader to compare what is written above and supported by contemporary documents with that written much later.
Below are excerpts from ten secondary sources. Use these links to jump to each one.
One - A major error in Cremer and Dorland is the story that Philip, Thomas, John and sisters Mary [Clapp], Letty [Bedell] and Anna [Flager] all came to Adolphustown in 1784 with Vanalstine. No record shows the husbands of the three sisters being loyalists. Letty and Anna's husbands do show in the Adolphustown records. Mary died in 1792 and her husband Elias Clapp arrived around 1789. Their children are named in PLBQ . We know that John arrived much later in 1796.
Two - Cremer, and repeated in PLBQ, state that Thomas Dorland brought 20 slaves. If this is true they would have come after 1784.
Three - It is stated in Cremer and PLBQ that Philip moved to Wellington in Prince Edward County. The problem with that is that all the petitions of Philip's children state that Philip was "of Adolphustown." The two youngest children petition in 1818 and 1819 and speak of their deceased father as "late of Adolphustown." If he had moved to Wellington it is not mentioned. Philip was granted lot 5, West Side of West Lake and this lot is just east of Wellington on West Lake. So perhaps in Philip's last year he was failing and he went to live with one of his children on this land keeping his main farm in Adolphustown.
Four - Arthur G. Dorland (1889-1979) was a highly respected historian and Quaker. He was a direct descendant of John Dorland and would have heard stories growing up in Wellington, Prince Edward County. He was Head of the History Dep't at the University of Western Ontario and he wrote two books on the history of Friends in Canada and another about growing up in Quaker ways. In reading the excerpts below it appears he knew Philip was a loyalist but probably was not aware of his rank and sizable land grants. He tries to paint Philip as a sort of a loyalist so that it would be compatable with Quaker principles. Being a descendant of John Dorland, it is very likely the way he relates the story is how he heard it growing up.
Five - There is a critical comment made in 1864 by Mrs. Bogart about the 1789 scarce year when crops failed and people starved. She relates that Thomas and possibly Philip were Commissaries and in charge of military food supplies and were not fair handed in any distribution. William Canniff (W.C.) undercuts this statement by arguing that the government had stopped supplying food to settlers by 1789.
Six - Cremer states that Thomas Dorland had his land in Dutchess County confiscated. This is possible and perhaps Philip lost land as well. However neither man made a claim for Loyalist losses as was usual for men who had land confiscated.
Seven - Cremer, PLBQ, Dorland and Doherty all repeat that Thomas Dorland was a Captain in the revolution and fought with Burgoyne in 1777. Thomas is listed in the 1786 loyalist list as a sergeant in the Associated Loyalists. Thomas was 18 in 1777 so there is no chance he was a Captain at that time. However he was a Captain in the Upper Canada militia during the war of 1812 and that rank seems to have stuck in people's memories. And last on this; no Dorlands are listed among the known participants in the Burgoyne campaign in the book, The British Campaign of 1777, The Burgoyne Expedition, Gavin Watt, 2013.
1864 CANNIFF NOTES
William Canniff interviewed many elderly people in 1864 and 65 and these notes were used by him in writing his book in 1969. See this web page on the Canniff Papers.
Mary Lazier Bogart (1): Heard her husband speak of the scarce year. Had heard him say he would have jumped over the house for enough of bread to eat once. Says the scarcity was due to the fact that fear - lies kept back what should have been distributed to the settlers. Thomas Dorland was blamed and some blamed Philip Dorland also (something about pork seen in the Bay)
Mrs Bogart (p. 53) has heard her husband say he could have jumped over the house during the Hungry year for enough to eat once. She says that suffering was intensified or due to the cupidity of those who had charge of the provisions from Government which they should have distributed to the settlers. Thomas Dorland blamed, also Philip.
It is questionable whether there was grounds for these serious charges. The Government had discontinued supplying the Settlers with food. And consequently the Commissary had ?? unless indeed there might have remained some of the old stores, which is unlikely. There was little jealousies and family jars sometimes amounting to feuds in those days and it is more likely that these stories arose from other than truthful souvenirs W.C.
Roblin (59) has heard his grandfather and Capt Thomas Dorland talk about the
scarse years. The Capt said he had “sold Bran for $8.00 a 100 wt
persons from starvin”
Martha Maybee (37) The later comers up the Bay would stop it would seems at certain places, perhaps to rest perhaps to procure article of food or directions. Philip Dorland’s was a conspicuous place and those repeatedly heard accounts of their stopping at the place, less frequently at Wm Casey’s.
Richard Solmes (13)
Col Wilkins (29) In the war of 1812 my father was a volunteer in Capt Dorlands Company. He had been Sergt for some time but about removing to Thurlow he could have declined to with good grace to go with the Company. He went to Kingston from Thurlow complain with request touch? his brother down? and Capt Dorland particularly asked him to take his port and he willingly complied.
(42 and 76) To be sold
The one half - of that valuable stone mill in Marysburgh, with two run of stones for business one superfine and two common bolts and 4 hundred acres of land with about 30 acres improved on the premises, near the mill, is a good Dwelling - house with three rooms and a kitchen on the lower floor, and a convenient house nearly adjoining, for a miller, also a stable and horse shed in - belonging to the estate of the late Peter Van Alstine Esq - deceased. Those who may wish to purchase will please to apply to Thomas Dorland Esq Adolphustown - Cornelius Vanalstine, Geo. W Myers executors. April 16 1811
In Canniff's published book he names "Philip and Thomas Dorland" as being with Van Alstine's party when they arrived in Adolphustown in 1784. He also writes that Thomas Dorland was the first Captain commissioned in the township and that he commanded a company in Kingston in 1812. He adds that, "Captain Dorland was much liked, as an officer, by his men." Canniff's only comment about Philip Dorland was in naming the first members elected to the Assembly; "Philip Dorland, being a Quaker, he would not be sworn and did not take his seat, and Peter Vanalstine was elected in his place."
Source: The Settlement of Upper Canada, William Canniff, Dudley & Burns, 1869; 449, 534, 550
My grandfather, Samuel Dorland was born on Long island, where he joined the Society of Friends, and moved to Dutchess County in the year 1753. ... John Dorland was a Quaker, and though he favored the British cause in the Revolution and was designated afterwards as an U.E. Loyalist, he took no active part in the war. He accompanied his brother Philip and sisters Mary, Letty and Anna and perhaps his brother Thomas, in their removal from New York by water to Adolphustown, Upper Canada, after the peace. ... John Dorland received grants of land from the British Government for himself and his older sons, and settled on Hay Bay in Adolphustown. ... Philip Dorland was a Quaker and a Loyalist sympathizer with the British during the revolution, and as such suffered confiscation of his property. After the peace he and his family, with his brother John, and his sisters Mary, Letty and Anna and their families, and perhaps his brother Thomas, were members of the celebrated UE Loyalist band of refugees under Major Vanalstine. ... Philip settled first on the bay shore in front of Adolphustown, at the point opposite Glenora. ... Philip's brother Thomas settled on the farm adjoining. Philip afterwards removed across the bay to the vicinity of Wellington. ... Philip was elected was elected to the first Parliament of Upper Canada ... but being Quaker declined to take the prescribed oath ... It was in Philip's house that the first meeting of the Society of Friends was held.
Thomas Dorland was known as "Captain Thomas." His property in New York was confiscated by the State. A tradition in the family has it that he remained in hiding in the woods near his home in Dutchess Co for a time after the surrender of Burgoyne and was supplied with food in secret by members of his family. By one account he fled from Dutchess Co to Canada in 1780, by an overland route, up through the woods and lakes of northern New York to Sorel, on the St Lawrence. By another account he joined his brothers Johna and Philip and his sisters Mary, Letty and Anna ... with Vanalstine. ... It is related that he took with him from new York 20 negro slaves to assist in clearing the forests. As a Captain of Provincials he received half pay from the British Government after the peace, and also 3000 acres of land in Adolphustown and Prince Edward for himself and 200 acres for each of his children. The farm he selected adjoining his brother Philip's on the Bay front of Adolphustown ...
Source: The Dorland Family in America, John Dorland Cremer, pub. Byron S. Adams, 1898, footnotes on pages 92, 94, 112, 134
This celebrated family has been indigenous to the Western World for nearly three hundred years. The Dorlands to be found in the Bay of Quinte District and in other parts of Ontario are undoubtedly descended from Jan Gerretse Dorlandt, who was born in 1625 and settled upon Long Island in 1652. His brother, Lambert Janse Dorlandt, also came from Holland to the same place about 1663. ....
Samuel Dorland ... may be regarded, however, as the progenitor of the Dorlands in Canada, for six of his children accompanied Major VanAlstine's expedition and were among the pioneer settlers of Hay Bay, Adolphustown and Prince Edward.
Philip Dorland at once took a prominent part in the new settlement. The first "town meeting" was held in Adolphustown on March 6th, 1793, and the minutes were signed, "Philip Dorland, T. C." Among the first magistrates appointed in Upper Canada, in addition to Major VanAlstine, we find the names of Thomas Dorland and Nicholas Hagerman. It is not clear when Philip removed to Prince Edward county, but he took up his abode there (influenced, perhaps, by the large number of his friends, who were settling there), and was returned as member from Lennox and Prince Edward to the first Parliament of Upper Canada, convened by Governor Simcoe in 1792. Because of his religious scruples, for he belonged to the Society of Friends, he would not take the oath of office prescribed by law, and his seat was declared vacant. There was some disposition on the part of his constituency to protest against his exclusion by successive re-elections. It appears, however, that Major VanAlstine served during a part of one parliament and eventually Captain Thomas Dorland, a brother of Philip Dorland, was elected and served for some years. He had been a captain in the British army and served under General Burgoyne. Being taken prisoner, he escaped to Canada, but when peace was declared he returned and brought his family and personal effects to Adolphustown. He was granted three thousand acres of land by the Crown, and in addition to this grant, he was a man of considerable means, bringing with him, it is said, some twenty slaves from New York.
Another brother was John Dorland, who married, first, Elizabeth Ricketson, and second, Sarah Smith. He was born in 1749 and died in 1833. His son, Joseph Dorland, born in Hempstead, 1780, moved to Hillier in 1802 and married Elizabeth Palmer. They had a number of children, including among others, Deborah, who married John H. Ferguson and settled in Wellington in the first years of the past century. Their children include: Susan, Albert, Ruth A ., Emma, Elizabeth J., and Catherine A.
Source: Pioneer Life on the Bay of Quinte, 1904, 966-967
Herrington writes a biography of Philip relating at some length the story of Philip not taking the oath in 1792 at the first Assembly due to Quaker principles. He then states that, "Brother Philip had no objections to the purpose of the oath, for he had demonstrated his allegiance by joining the Loyalists and coming to Canada in 1784."
Source: History of the County of Lennox and Addington, Walter Herrington, Macmillan, 1913, 371
1927 ARTHUR G. DORLAND
Arthur Garratt Dorland writes, "In this same company with Captain Allen was Captain Thomas Dorland and his elder brother Philip. The Dorland family was was an old Dutch family of Quaker stock from Dutchess County, NY. But Thomas having actively identified himself with the Royalist cause, had been disowned from membership in the Society. He thereupon became a member of the Episcopal Church, which was decidedly Royalist, and accepted a captain's commission in the army. He was an officer in the Canadian militia till the end of his life, and was in active service during the war with the United States during 1812 and 1814. Philip Dorland though also a "Loyalist" - but in a narrower sense of the term - had not been a "Royalist" (ie. active partisan), but like his more aggressive brother he had suffered abuse and confiscation of his property because of the offence which his neutral attitude had given to the local authorities. Thomas therefore became a Royalist refugee because he fought - Philip, because he would not fight. Nevertheless they both came to Canada at the same time and to the same place in 1784. The Barkers, the Niles, and other Quaker families were in precisely the same position.
Source: A History of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in Canada, Arthur Garratt Dorland, Macmillan, 1927, 51. A revised edition was published in 1968.
1965 ARTHUR G. DORLAND
The first John Dorland had come to Hay Bay about the same time as his two brothers, Philip and Thomas. But John and Philip belonged to those stiff necked people known as "Quakers", and consequently they had an important role in establishing in 1798 the first organized meeting of the Society of Friends in Upper Canada. ...
Thomas Dorland had also come to Adolphustown about the same time. But Thomas was a fighter who had been a Captain in the Royalist forces against the American revolutionaries in the War of Independence. All three came at the same time to the same place - one because he had fought against the Americans, the other two because they had refused to fight.
Source: Former Days and Quaker Ways, Arthur G. Dorland, Picton Gazette, 1965, 7-8
Both Philip Dorland and Thomas Dorland and their children are listed as Loyalists in this well known work.
Source: The Loyalists in Ontario, William D. Ried, Hunterdon press, 1973, 93
Larry Turner states that "Philip Dorland was a Quaker from Beekman Patent, Dutchess County ... was active in the war and served with Van Alstine in Abraham Cuyler's Corps of Associated Loyalists. Originally signed on with Peter Ruttan before evacuation, Philip switched over to Van Alstine's later convoy going to Canada. After the war Philip returned to his Quaker heritage."
Source: Voyage of a Different Kind, 1984, Mika, 152
Samuel Dorland [father of John, Philip and Thomas] of Long Island came to Beekman in 1753. He lived in the Arthursburgh area of present day LaGrange and was very wealthy. In Dec 1780 he was assessed at £2200, the highest of those who had sons with the enemy. His fine was £82/10. Dorland was a Quaker and while only one son, Captain Thomas, is recorded as a Loyalist, six of his children later went to Adolphustown in Upper Canada. Captain Thomas is supposed to have served under Burgoyne. In Volume 4, Doherty claims this fine was paid for Thomas when the record more strongly suggests that the fine was for paid Philip who was disowned in 1779. [V1: 538-9 and V4: 403]
On 8 Dec 1781, Samuel and Thomas Dorland, both yeoman of Beekman, appeared before the Committee on Conspiracies and posted a bond of £100 to ensure that Thomas would not leave Beekman and Rombout Precincts. [V1: 533]
In 1761, Samuel Dorland and wife are named as a head of a family in Oswego Meeting. Samuel Dorland was taxed in Beekman from 1756 onward. [V1: 114 and V4: 394]
John Dorland was in Beekman during the 1790 census. [V4: 396]
Doherty correctly correctly relates that Philip and Thomas Dorland were Loyalists and in Quebec and came to Adolphustown in 1784. [V4: 399-403]
Source: Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, Frank Doherty, 1990, V1 and 1997, V4, p. 394 - 405. Volume 4 has a whole secton on the Dorland family.
|2. QUAKER RECORDS
Nine Partners 1779 - 1783
Philip Dorland's disownment at Nine Partners Meeting, NY, in 1779
[image 4] 19 2 mo 1779: The friends appointed on the account of Philip Dorland are continued untill next monthly meeting
[image 6] 19 3mo 1779: The friends appointed on the account of Philip Dorland reported that he is gone away and that they were informed that he carryed a pistel when he was here, therefore the same friends are desired to inspect further into the mater and make report at next monthly meeting how things are on his account
[Image 8] 16 4mo 1779: The friend appointed on the account of Philip Dorland that according to appointment they have inspected into the matter on his account and do not find but that he is guilty of what is contained in the complaint against him and furthermore informed he carried pistole to defend himself and also that he has absconded therefore this meeting appoints Stephen Dean and Israel Titus to draw a testamony against him and produce it to next monthly meeting
[image 11] 21 5mo 1779: The friends appointed to draw a testimony against Philip Dorland produced it here which is approved of and signed - Thomas Barnard & Ladowick Hoxsie are appointed to read it at the close of a first day meeting at Oswago & Ninepartners and make report at next monthly meeting producing of it there
[image 13] 18 6mo 1779: the friends appointed to Read the Testimony against Phillip Dorland Reported they have answered their appointment and produced the Testamony here
Source: Nine Partners Monthly Meeting minutes 1779-83. The transcription is posted on the Canadian Friends Historical Assoc. web site.
Nine Partners 1790 - 1797
Dorland's return to Nine Partners in 1793
[image 65] 19 12mo 1792: Oswego Preparative Meeting forwarded to this an acknowledgment from Philip Dorland Condemning Divers Disorders for which he was some time since Disowned which after being considered appoints Silvanus Gardner. Lophar Green, Tripp Mosher & Isaac Thorn to visit him on that account & report to next meeting their sense of the Disposition of his Mind.
[image 69] 16 1mo 1793: The friends appointed to Visit Philip Dorland on account of his acknowledgment report they have visited him to a good Degree of satisfaction believing there was sincerity in his acknowledgment under consideration thereon accepts it which is as follows Viz~~
To the Monthly Meeting to be held at Ninepartners 19th of 12th Mo 1792~~
Whereas I have had a birth right amongst you and by not giving heed to the Divine Monitor have widely deviated from the principles of Truth which led me into divers disorders such as departing from Plainess, keeping Company with one not of our Society & Commiting Fornication with her (that is now my wife) and also took up arms for my defense which misconduct brought a blemish on Truth which I am sorry for & do heartily Condemn & I do desire you to pass by the same & receive me under your Care~
12th 12Mo 1792 Philip Dorland
[image 73] 20 3mo 1793: The friends appointed to read the acknowledgment of Philip Dorland report the
appointment answered ~
[image 146] 18 11mo 1795: John Dorland's last entry in the Nine Partners book.
[image 169] 16 11 mo 1796: They [womens meeting] further inform that Elisabeth Dorland wife to Philip desires to come under our care they easy that She be accepted with our unity after a deliberation we unite therewith and accept her a member
Source: Nine Partners Monthly Meeting minutes 1790-97. The transcription is posted on the Canadian Friends Historical Assoc. web site.
Adolphustown MM Minutes 1798-1813 (on line at Cdn Quaker Archives site)
A search of the name Dorland has 284 hits in this minute book. John and Philip are active throughout the whole book and later Gilbert and Joseph become active.
Key entries are:
A search of the name Dorland has 116 hits in this minute book. Elizabeth and Lydia Dorland, wives of John and Philip respectively, are active from the start. Later Lydia S Dorland and Elizabeth T Dorland become active. They are different women.
Key entries are:
31. 1 mo. 1810 - The monthly meeting of Pelham suggest to the consideration of this, The propriety of friends accepting lands from Government under and by virtue of the Proclamation in such cases granted to UE Loyalists which with the proof it requires being considered a breech of our discipline. The subject claimed the deliberate attention of this meeting and as it was felt to be a matter that required careful and mature consideration it was thought most advisable to separate a committee to take the subject into due consideration and indevour to inform themselves as far as they may be enabled, the true state of the case, and inform next meeting their sense thereon. to which service the following friends we separated (to witt) Timothy Rogers, Amos Armitage, John Dorland, William White, Hugh McMullen, Samuel Taylor, Joel Haight, Isaac Phillips, David Wilson, Edward Barker, William Shortwell
29. 8 mo. 1810 - The friends appointed to take into consideration the nature and propriety of the case brought from Pelham Monthly Meeting ~ produced the following report. We of the committee have attended to the appointment and after carefully inspecting into the nature of the case brought from Pelham Monthly meeting, we give it as our united belief that no member of our religious society can consistent with our principles receive or accept of such lands or other rewards whatever from Government as is given for actual service in war or for aiding or assisting therein[,] signed David Wilson, Amos Armitage, William Shotwell, Timothy Rogers, Isaac Philips, Edward Barker, Samuel Taylor, Hugh McMullen. The above report being read and united with and a copy thereof directed to Pelham monthly meeting. [Note: William White died between meetings.]
Source: Religious Society of Friends Records, AO, F997, Canada Half Yearly Mtg, MS303, B-1-9, reel 13
|3. LOYALIST, PETITION & LAND RECORDS - in chronological order
23 Dec 1780: Samuel Dorland fined for having a son join the British
Samuel Dorland, Philip's father, was assessed at £2200, the highest of those who had sons with the enemy. His fine was £82/10 for one son gone to the enemy. This would be Philip Dorland who was disowned in 1779.
Source: A true copy of a Tax List Agreeable to an Assessment Roll of those persons that has a son or sons gone to the enemy of Beekman Precinct, Public Papers of George Clinton, 3449, as cited in Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, Frank Doherty, 1990, V1, 533
8 Dec 1781: Thomas Dorland still in Beekman
Samuel and Thomas Dorland, both yeoman of Beekman, appeared before the Committee on Conspiracies and posted a bond of £100 to ensure that Thomas would not leave Beekman and Rombout Precincts. It is probable that Thomas joined sometime after this bond was posted.
Source: Ancient Documents, Dutchess County, 10176, as cited in Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, Frank Doherty, 1990, V1, 538-9
July 1783: Lists of the Associated Loyalists going to Canada before departure from New York City
Captain Abraham Mabey's Company No. 7 - Thomas Dorland and Philip Dorland are named.
Source: Return of Loyalists Embarked on Board the Transport ships Bound for Canada, Public Record Office, London, UK, WO 60 Vol 33 Part II NM 06052, as cited in Voyage of a Different Kind, Larry Turner, Mika, 1984, 117
1783 Ship List for Three Sisters & Grace from NY to Quebec.
This is the same ship that Peter VanAlstine sailed on.
Philip Dorland, farmer, [from] New York
Source: Return of Loyalists Embarked on Board the Transport ships Bound for Canada, Public Record Office, London, UK, WO 60 Vol 33 Part II, as cited in Voyage of a Different Kind, Larry Turner, Mika, 1984, 120
1784 at Cataraqui
Loyalist, Philip Dorland, 1 man [no family], 1 ration pr day, 2 acres cleared, securing Commissary
Loyalist, Thomas Dorland, 1 man, 1 woman, 2 ration pr day, 1.5 acres cleared, Woman on their land
Source: Haldimand Papers, British Library, Disbanded Troops and Loyalists, No 4 Cataraqui [Adolphustown], 5 Oct 1784, Add Mss 21828, H1655, B-168, p. 68, on line Heritage Canadiana image 179
1786, Loyalist List
Philip Dorland, Adolphustown, S.G. Lieut. Cuylers Loyalist. P.L.
Thomas Dorland, Adolphustown, Sergeant. Served in Associated Loyalists. L. Bill 1790-600. P.L.
Source: The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada 1784-1884, Rose Pub, 1885, online here, 167
1788 Loyalist Claims
Thomas and Philip Dorland did not make claims for losses to the Claims Commission suggesting that neither man had land confiscated. No man of the surname Dorland made a claim. The only record is an affidavit of Thomas Dorland swearing that claimant Paul Huff had some leased land in NY and horses, cattle, sheep and hogs and that they were sold by the Commissioners of Forfeitures.
Source: Loyalist Claims for Losses: The Second Report of The Bureau of Archives For the Province of Ontario, Subtitle: United Empire Loyalists, Enquiry into the Losses and Services in Consequence of Their Loyalty, Evidence in the Canadian Claims, 1904, Alexander Fraser. It is online at Internet Archive. Click here for Page 453.
1789 Philip Dorland rec'd 600 acres
Feb 24, , "Peter Van Alstine, John Huyck, Paul Huff, Philip Dorland & Paul Trumpour of Adolphus Town & Barret Dyre of Sophiasburgh petition for a quantity of lands equal to what has been granted to Officers of the late 84th Regiment - It appears that Peter Van Alstine was commissioned & acted as Major, Barret Dyre as Captain, and John Huyck, Paul Huff & Philip Dorland as Lieutenants in the Corps of associated Loyalists commanded by Colonel Abraham Cuyler, and Paul Trumpour as Ensign in one of the Corps belonging to General Delancys Brigade, in which capacity he actually receives a Pension of £25 ?cy p Ann. Peter Van Alstine also receives half pay as Captain; and the whole of them under the instructions of 1783 have been considered entitled to have received Lands in the same proportion as other Officers.
Source: Upper Canada Land Board Minutes and Records, 1765-1804, RG1 L4, LAC, Vol 7, Mecklenburg District, 81-82 and information repeated on 188, C-14027 (copy of film at AO), index is on line here at LAC.
1790 Thomas Dorland rec'd 400 + additional lands
Kingston, Sept 8, 1790: Thomas Dorland of Adolphus Town, late non-commissioned officer of the Associated Loyalists, prays that the additional Bounty may be assigned him - under the Instructions of 1783 Mr Dorland has recd four hundred acres for himself & family, which he hath duly improved & a Certificate for the Bounty is granted him.
Source: Upper Canada Land Board Minutes and Records, 1765-1804, RG1 L4, LAC, Vol 7, Mecklenburg District, 203, C-14027, on line at image 513.
Kingston, 8 Sept 1790, Thomas Dorland, non commissioned officer in the associated Loyalists, has rec'd 400 acres for himself, wife, 2 children and servant man, prays for 200 acres in Sophiasburgh. Certificate granted.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Sophias., 1790, V 171, D Mis 1783-95/43, C-1885, starts at image 420
17 Jan 1791, Philip Dorland rec's 1400 additional acres - total 2000 acres
Council Chamber, Bishop's Palace, Quebec, 17the Jany 1791
... The land committee now considering your Lordships Order in Council of the 21st of July which extends the benefits of the order of the 22nd October 1788 to other reduced officers of certain descriptions without distinction of Corps, humbly report that they conceive the reduced officers whose names are here inserted, and who have received lands under His Majesty's Instructions of 1783, to be entitled to additional grants of the waste lands of the Crown to put them on on a footing with officers of equal rank of the late 84th Regiment. Vic
[undated but c1800] Schedules of Locations
The Dorland brothers are shown located on the following lots.
27 July 1797, Philip Dorland, Adolphustown, has rec'd 2000 acres as a reduced Lieutenant, but no family lands, had a wife and one child before 1789, prays for family lands and 200 acres. 27 July 1797, Adolphustown. Recommend 100 acres.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Adolphus, 1797, V 150, D3/34, C-1743, starts at image 62
27 July 1797, Thomas Dorland, Associated Loyalists, came to Adolphustown after reduction 1783, rec'd 400 acres and 200 acres family lands and is a Justice of the Peace. Prays for further land. Adolphustown. Recommend 1200 acres.
UCLP, RG1 L3, Adolphus, 1797, V 150, D3/68, C-1743, starts at image 169
13 July 1798 -Philip Dorland, Thomas Dorland, Reuben Bedell, Alexander VanAlstine, James Barker, York, petitioners desire a lease of large island [see Big Island] in the Bay of Quenty above Green Point and opposite lots number 28 to 54. Island not reserved - no decision recorded.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Quinte, 1798, V 555, Leases & lic. 1798-1838/18, C-2983, starts at image 406
28 Mar 1807, Thomas Dorland and Allan Maclean on behalf of sundry loyalists children.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Midland, 1807, V 152, D8/46, C-1744, starts at image 69
18 April 1809, Kingston, Philip Dorland and Thomas Dorland, Adolphustown, Gentlemen, executors and Caroline Douglass, widow, executrix of the last will and testament of Thomas Douglass, Adolphustown, Innkeeper, deceased, ... will lay claim ... as heirs or devisees of nominees of the Crown in cases where no patent hath issued ... to lots 11 & 12 in the fifth range and lots 11 &12 in the 6th range in the village of Adolphustown ... for the purposes of establishing our claim thereto for the uses of the will of the said Thomas Douglass who was assignee of Moses Jacobs the original nominee of said lands. Allowed by court 9 Aug 1809.
Source: Second Heir and Devisee, RG 40-5, Thomas and Philip Dorland, 1810, 40-0123, MS 657, reel 16
21 July 1809, A letter by Thos Dorland, recommending Peter Lossing and Peter DeLong, they are gentlemen from the States ... they intend settling in the Province with considerable members of other families of the Country should suit them they wish to git some information from your office as to vacant lands ... with other persons ... paying the patent fees ... allow them the privelege of seeing the plans ... [signed] Thos Dorland
Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG 5 A1, 4128-31, C-4506. On line at Heritage Canada.
15 Aug 1809, Thomas Dorland, Has kept a ferry from Adolphustown Lots 32 & 32 to Vanalstine's Mills, Marysburgh, "finding himself interfered with by others" prays for "exclusive privelege of the ferry". 28 Oct 1807. It is up to District Magistrate in Quarter Session.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Adolphus, 1808, V 153, D9/21, C-1744, starts at image 321
York, 22 Feby 1810. Survey Genl report on lot 11 & 14, 3rd Con, Ameliasburgh prayed for by Anna Haight and Sarah Dorland. Said lots were entered to Lieut Philip Dorland by the late surveyor Mr Smith with a query added "how". Having made search in records of this office we find that Lieut Philip Dorland has been located and described for the following lands.
Sophiasburgh ... 266 acres
Hallowell ... 200
Murray ... 100
Ameliasburgh ... 1400
West 1/2 lot 20 3rd Con Adolphustown ... 100
Total 2066 acres
There is doubt about the 100 acres in Murray and if does not then Lt Philip Dorland will not have received his complement by 44 acres. Chewett and Ridout
Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG 5 A1, 4650-2, C-4506. On line at Heritage Canada.
Murray Tp Lot
Philip Dorland is shown as being granted E 1/2 of lot 10, Con 5, 100 acres in Murray Township.
Source: Ontario Land Record Index (OLRI), microfiche at AO
York 24 Feb 1812, Thomas Dorland, Possess "both sides of the ferry" at Vanalstines Mills by an order of the Magistrates in Quarter Sessions. Not satisfied, prays for lease for ferry with same terms as granted to others in the Province for ferrys.
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, Adolphus, 1812, V 149, DMisc/43, C-1742, starts at image 574
5 Dec 1816, Thomas Dorland and Samuel Dorland [probably the Samuel who is the son of Thomas], Hallowell, are signees of a petition asking for a survey. See the full text here.
Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG 5 A1, 14037-9, C-4547. On line at Heritage Canada.
York, 18 July 1820, Thomas Dorland, Adolphus, Matthew Clark, Ernestown - on behalf of sundry officers and men of Lennox & Addington Militia who served in Flank Company and are about to be granted land, desire to settle together, "being a great many related and connected" in the Township of Sheffield when surveyed. "About 180 persons had signed an agreement to settle on Militia locations if they could be placed in Sheffield".
Source: UCLP, RG1 L3, 1820, V 155, D12/175, C-1745, starts at image 713
|4. UPPER CANADA LAND PETITIONS by the children of Philip and Thomas Dorland|
Children of Philip Dorland
Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG 5 A1, 5896-8, C-4507. On line at Heritage Canada.
|5. ADOLPHUSTOWN RECORDS
1791 Philip Dorland Town Clerk
Philip Dorland is elected a constable for the ensuing year (1792) and signs as the town clerk for the past year.
Source: Appendix To The Report Of The Ontario Bureau Of Industries 1897, Warwick Bro's & Rutter, Toronto, 1899, Royal Ontario Museum Library, FC3061.A553, Record of Town Meetings of Adolphustown, pages 1-26.
1794 and beyond
Thomas and Philip Dorland are present in the Adolphustown census data from 1794 when it starts.
Philip is shown with a wife, 2 sons and 4 daughters in 1794.
John Dorland first appears in 1796.
Samuel Dorland first appears in 1807.
Thomas I. Dorland first appears in 1808.
Peter Dorland first appears in 1812.
Philip Dorland is absent from 1816.
Peter V. Dorland first appears in 1822.
Source: Appendix To The Report Of The Ontario Bureau Of Industries 1897, Warwick Bro's & Rutter, Toronto, 1899, Royal Ontario Museum Library, FC3061.A553, The People of Adolphustown, p 27-50
|6. 1792 LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
Letter from Wm Jarvis to John Peters Esq, returning officer for the County of Prince Edward & the District of the late Township of Adolphustown, County of Lennox.
Niagara, 19 Sep 1792:
You will ?? herewith inclosed a Writ of Election for the County of Prince Edward and the District of the late Township of Adolphustown, County of Lenox - I am directed by his Excellency Lieutenant John Graves Simcoe, to inform you that it is his commands that you forthwith p??d to the election of a member of the Assembly for this Province for the said County & District above mentioned, and that you make your report thereof agreeable to your former instructions - I am also directed to inform you that Philip Dorland is not qualified to sit as a Member in the House of Assembly of this Province. [Note: Peter Vanalstine was elected to replace Philip Dorland.]
Source: Rogers Papers Fonds, F533-1-0-6, AO, MS 522, reel 1
|7. DORLAND LINEAGE
Dorland Lineage from The Dorland Family in America, John Dorland Cremer, Pub. Byron S. Adams, 1898, pages 92 to 144. There may be errors given the date of publication. The lineage below matches the lineage in Pioneer Life in the Bay of Quinte, published 1904 [968-70]. This lineage is a combination of the above with a few added pieces from other sources.
Samuel Dorland, b. 2-24-1721 at Hempstead, Long Island; d. 11-7-1809, Beekman patent, Dutchess County, NY; m. Anna Esmond, 12-16-1743. Samuel joined the Society of Friends in Long Island and moved to Dutchess County in 1753.
Children of Samuel and Anna Dorland [Cremer, 92]
14 Jul 1803: Philip Dorland, Adolphustown m. Elizabeth Bedell, Hallowell 
Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980
|8. PHILIP DORLAND'S WILL
Philip Dorland will, Thomas Dorland executor, probated 25 Jan 1815
[The image of the first page of this will is too faint to read] It is my wish and I do order and impower my executors after after my youngest child becomes of age should my wife ? or then is disposed to leave my said Farm in Adolphustown to sell the same with the moveArnoldi Dorland SUE (1797 - ) m. Betsey Niles [accepted as member of Adolphus Meeting, 15 4mo 1802. Arnoldi and Betsey do not appear in the minutes as adults.]able effects and household furniture and put to interest of the money arising from the sale the sum sufficient to pay my said wife 18 pounds a year during her widowhood and should she alter her situation then a sum sufficient that the interest will amount to 9 pounds to be paid to her yearly during her natural life and the remainder to be disposed of as it is hereafter mentioned. This my will and I order that my son D. Beddel and Arnoldi and my daughters Anna, Caty, Betsy and Margaret each receive out of my estate a sum to the amount of what that the 200 acres of land that my son Phillip improved on in Ameliasburgh was worth in its wild state. It is my will and I desire my Brother Thomas Dorland give my son Philip Dorland a deed for the 100 acres of land that I purchased from his wife in the first concession additional lands Fredericksburg with my said son Phillip paying to my executors the sum of fifty pounds with the interest from one year after the purchase of said land. It is my will and I do order that my executors to pay to my daughter Betsey, son Arnold and daughter Margaret nine pounds two shillings each when they become of age being in part of a legacy given to them by their grandfather Daniel Bedell which I have received all my lands lying in the townships of Ameliasburgh, Sophiasburg and Murray and all the remainder of my estate whatsoever it may be in Adolphustown after my youngest child becomes of age or after my wifes leaving my farm in Adolphustown or the decease of my wife, That may be left after paying my just debts and what I herein before disposed of. I give bequeath and devise unto my sons Philip, Daniel Bedell and Arnoldi and my daughters Anna, Caty, Betsy and Margaret and their heirs to be equally divided amongst them. It is my will and desire that the part of my three minor children be paid them when they become of age. That is to say my son 21 and my daughters 18 years. It is my will and I do order that if any of my children should die before they become of age that ones part or proportion of my estate be equally divided amongst the surviving ones.
It is my will and I do constitute and appoint my wife Lydia Dorland Executrix and my brother Thomas Dorland and my brother John Dorland executors to this my last will and testament in trust for my children.
In witness whereof I Phillip Dorland have to this my last will and testament put my hand & affixed my seal this 10th day of second month 1810.
Signed in the presence of Willet Casey, John Clark, Phillip D. Haight
Source: Frontenac County Surrogate Court, wills of Philip Dorland (1815), Joseph Dorland (son of John Dorland, 1833) and Thomas Dorland (son of Joseph Dorland, 1832), RG 22-159, AO, 1832, GS 1, reel 1223