Joseph Clapp & Mercy Carpenter

The children who came to Upper Canada

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Pioneers of the Bay of Quinte

Why I am interested in this family
Much is known about the Clapp family and those that settled in the Quinte area. This page will focus on those children of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter who came to Upper Canada in the 1780's. Some new information is presented. The key focus is:
  1. To examine the Nine Partner Quaker records in NY re: Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter and their children.
  2. To present and examine early petitions and other records to determine who came when.
  3. To make a few conclusions that are different from what is widely written.
Randy Saylor, Oct 2015, Apr 2016

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No attempt is made to list all the descendants. These resources are available on that subject. There are also lots of online lineages, with much copying.
  1. The book The Clapp Memorial: Record of the Clapp Family in America, compiled by Ebeneezer Clapp, Boston, 1876. Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter start on page 294. [Clapp]
  2. The Clapp Family, The Settlers of Beekman Patent, Frank Doherty, V3, 1995, 430-55. [Doherty]
  3. Clapp Family Bible Records, Henry Clapp Bible, manuscript held at Hist. Soc. Museum Archives, Lenawee Co., MI
  4. Pioneer Life on the Bay of Quinte, Rolph, 1904, reprinted by Mika, 1978, 191-8. Excerpt below. [PLBQ]
  5. The Record of John Clapp, Kenneth Scott, NYGBR, V112, No. 3, July 1981, 135-8
  6. History of Rye, Charles W. Baird, NY, 1871, Clapp, 457-8

Use these links to jump up and down this page
    1. Overview
      1. New conclusions
    2. Quaker Records
    3. 1783 - 1789 Records
    4. Records of some of the Clapps in Upper Canada. The * denotes children of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter.
      1. *Ursula Clapp and her husband Sampson Striker
      2. *Rhoda Clapp and her husband Abraham Lossee
      3. *Joseph Clapp Jr and his wife Nancy Miller
        1. Children of Joseph Clapp and Nancy Miller.
        2. Death of Joseph in 1812 and Nancy's possible remarriage.
      4. *Benjamin Clapp
      5. *Elias Clapp
      6. *Nathaniel Clapp
      7. James Clapp
      8. John Clapp and his "only wife" Sarah, of Fredericksburgh
      9. John Clapp and his wife Sally Smith of Fredericksburg
      10. Gilbert Dorland Clapp
      11. Paul Clapp
      12. Reuben B. Clapp and his wife Alida Canniff
      13. Thomas Clapp
    5. Clapp Family by T. W. Casey
    6. PLBQ, and excerpt
    7. Marriages unplaced



    1. OVERVIEW
    First, let's examine what was written in 1876 about the Clapp siblings who emigrated to the Quinte area.
    "Joseph Clapp married Mercy Carpenter (her mother a Hutchinson), and finally settled in some part of Dutchess Co., NY, probably in the town of Lagrange, where his cousin Thomas spent the greater part of his life, and where some of his own descendants are living to this day. Some, if not all, of his children were born in Dutchess Co., and it was here that he died during the war of the Revolution, about 1776. Concerning his children: Henry removed to Rensselaer Co, near the city of Albany, NY; while Joseph, Benjamin, and James with their sisters Rhoda and Ursula (and there is some reason to think their brother Nathaniel) emigrated to Canada, and were progenitors of a large and intelligent branch of Clapps in the section of country, inland and along the shore, to the north of Lake Ontario." [Clapp, 249a]

    In 1904, PLBQ repeats much of this story and states that "at least five of his children came to Canada... Joseph, Benjamin, James ... Rhoda who married Mr Losee and settled near Bath and Ursula who married Sampson Striker and died in Hallowell." Note that PLBQ says nothing about Nathaniel and Elias Clapp is only mentioned as "another member" of the Clapp family. [PLBQ, 192, 195]

    The Quaker records in NY
    An examination of the Quaker Records below shows that Joseph Clapp and his wife Mercy [Carpenter] were members under Nine Partners in Dutchess County, NY. Joseph Clapp is frequently mentioned in the minutes for discipline starting in 1769 and ending with his final disownment in 1788. Is this the same man throughout? The nature of the conflict is consistent and connected, involving a disagreement with Samuel Mabbett and Joseph's business dealings with his mill. Month after month there are entries of the committee dealing with Joseph's discipline. It reads like there is only one Joseph Clapp throughout. His wife Mercy is also sprinkled in the minutes and a number of his children are named. This researcher is convinced the minutes relate to a single Joseph Clapp and his family.

    The children of Joseph and Mercy that are named are Elias, James, Benjamin, William and Ruth; all disowned at different times. Some of these children came to Upper Canada. Rhoda Clapp is not named as a daughter of Joseph but she is disowned and comes to Upper Canada. Son Joseph Clapp Jr is not named and perhaps he was the youngest of the children so did not have a chance to get disowned like his siblings. No Nathaniel Clapp is named.

    Father Joseph Clapp was always in trouble for his business dealings. He built a mill and had debts which he struggled to pay, was neglectful of attendance and had arguments with others all of which got him disowned first in 1775 and 1784 and later again in 1788. The claim that Joseph Clapp Sr died in 1776 is not true. The 19 11mo 1788 disownment of Joseph is the last Quaker record found so far that names him. There is a Joseph Clapp in the 1790 census of Dutchess County but that may not be the same man. At this point it can be said that he died after November 1788.

    So far, the named children of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter are:
    1. Ursula Clapp m. Sampson Striker. Ursula is disowned in Nine Partner minutes but not named as a daughter in the minutes. She is named in the Clapp Memorial as a daughter.
    2. Elias Clapp is named in the Nine Partner minutes as a son of Joseph, was disowned in 1783. This may not be the same Elias Clapp who m. Mary Dorland and came to Upper Canada but it will be argued that it is the same man. See PLBQ, 195, for their issue.
    3. Henry Clapp is not named in the Quaker minutes but is named in the Clapp Memorial.
    4. Rhoda Clapp m. Abraham Lossee. Rhoda is named in Nine Partners minutes, was disowned in 1783 and is named in the Clapp Memorial.
    5. James Clapp is named in Nine Partners minutes as a son of Joseph, was disowned in 1788 and is named in the Clapp Memorial.
    6. Benjamin Clapp is named in Nine Partners minutes as a son of Joseph, was disowned in 1790. He states in his 1797 petition that he came to Upper Canada in 1788 with a wife and 4 children. The marriage to Elizabeth Roblin on 6 Apr 1803 is probably his second marriage. [McDowell Register and petition] Benjamin is named in the Clapp Memorial.
    7. William Clapp is named in Nine Partners minutes as a son of Joseph, was disowned in 1790. A Samuel Clapp, son of William Clapp is rec'd as a member of Adolphustown Meeting in 1800 from Nine Partners. Deborah, wife of William has a removal to Upper Canada dated 20 8mo 1800.
    8. Ruth Clapp - named in Nine Partners minutes as a daughter of Joseph, was disowned in 1792. Ruth is not named in the Clapp Memorial.
    9. Joseph Clapp m. Nancy Ann Miller. Joseph Clapp Jr is not named in Nine Partner minutes but is mentioned in the Clapp Memorial.
    10. Nathaniel Clapp is a possible son as he is mentioned in the Clapp Memorial but not the Nine Partner records.
    Elias, James, Benjamin and Joseph are not named in the Adolphustown or West Lake minute books. If they were Quakers in Upper Canada they kept a low profile.

    Joseph, Elias and Benjamin Clapp are recorded as having been granted land in 1789 and they would have come a little earlier. PLBQ states that Joseph Clapp and his brother in law Samuel Striker came by sleigh in January 1787. None of the Clapps were Loyalists as they do not appear on the Loyalist Lists nor did their children apply as children of a loyalist.

    Let's examine some of the children in more detail.
    Ursula Clapp and Sampson Striker
    Ursula Clapp married Samson Striker, a Loyalist in Delancey's Corps. Striker and Stryker is a surname that is not found in the Nine Partners minutes. There is no Quaker record of Ursula being disowned for marrying out. The key document is dated 2 June 1790 being a Land Board minute that states that "Mr Striker appears to have been a Sergeant in Delanceys Corps but on the peace [in 1783] married & remained in NY until Sept 1786."  He was granted lot 20, East of East Lake, Marysburgh.

    The full 1790 petition tells us that Ursula Clapp and Sampson Striker married about 1783, had 3 children by the time they came to Upper Canada in 1786. PLBQ states that Joseph Clapp Jr came with his sister Ursula and if factual that means Joseph also came around 1786.

    Henry Clapp
    A Bible owned by this Henry Clapp has survived and is kept at the Lenawee County Historical Museum Archives in Michigan. See the transcription online at Lenawee Bibles and Bible Records. The dates in the Bible are all in Quaker format. Henry Clapp (13 4mo 1772 - 18 2mo 1812) married Damaris Hull (b. 6 4mo 1771, Stanfor, Dutchess Co., NY) on 4 6mo 1792.

    Joseph Clapp who married Nancy Miller
    Quite a bit is known about Joseph Clapp; see PLBQ. A recent discovery presented below states that Joseph Clapp died on 30 Nov 1812 in Kingston while on military duty. It also appears that his wife Nancy Miller remarried.

    Elias Clapp who married Mary Dorland

    Joseph and Mercy Clapp had a son Elias who was disowned in 1783 for being out of plainness. This is usually something young people get embroiled in so let's say he was 20 and thus born c1763. This Elias [1] is named in the Clapp Memorial as married - no wife named - and said to have had a son John.

    The Clapp Memorial [page 294c] has a second Elias Clapp [2], son of Henry Clapp who is a brother of the above Joseph. Thus Elias 1 and Elias 2 are first cousins. The Clapp Memorial goes on to say that Elias [2] married Mary Dorland and lived his whole life in Dutchess County, NY. This is in conflict with Dorland records that state that Elias Clapp and Mary Dorland came to Upper Canada with the Dorland brothers. It is also in conflict with the Clapp account in PLBQ that states that, "Another member of this numerous family was Elias Clapp, who married Mary Dorland, of the pioneer Dorland family. Of their six sons and three daughters, John married Sarah Smith, and had issue: [the issue are named.]

    We do know that there is a 1790 record of Elias Clapp being given a free grant in Richmond Tp., Upper Canada. Mary [Dorland] Clapp dies in 1792 and no record has been found for her.

    So what do we make of this? Let's assume there is only one Mary Dorland and that she comes to Upper Canada with her husband Elias Clapp. Therefore the account for Elias [2] in the Clapp Memorial is in error about his wife but likely correct that he stayed in Dutchess County. So what other Elias married Mary Dorland and came to Upper Canada? It is my conclusion that Elias [1] in Canada is the son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter and he married Mary Dorland and came to Canada with his brothers. The Clapp Memorial was written in 1876 and probably known by those who wrote the account in PLBQ in 1904 and thus influenced the vague statement that Elias was "another member of the family."

    I am suggesting that Elias [2] did stay in Dutchess County and lived a long life there but did not marry Mary Dorland.

    The The Dorland Family in America, John Dorland Cremer, Pub. Byron S. Adams, 1898, page 107 of this book clearly shows Mary Dorland, sister of Philip and Thomas Dorland, among others, marrrying Elias Clapp.

    However, in March 2017, Barabara L. Hill sent me this extra item that conflicts with the above conclusion. Barbara has a copy of a book with the title The Dorland Enigma Solved:  a Revision of the Dorland Genealogy by Barbara A. Barth (2007). It is a revision of the 1898 work by John Dorland Cremer, with a Foreword by the esteemed Harry Macy.  This book identifies the Mary Dorland who married Elias Clapp as follows:

    "Mary DORLAND, b. 29 of 11 mo. (Jan.) 1751, Hempstead, LI, d. 3 May 1792, Ont., m. 1774, Elias CLAPP, b. 1747, son of Henry Clapp and Jemima Barnes, res. Beekman, taxed Charlotte Precinct, Dutchess Co., 1722-1779, rem. aft. the Rev. to Adolphustown, Ont., d. 1840."

    (I'm guessing this means it was Elias's parents who were taxed in Dutchess Co. from 1722 to 1779, and that he removed to Adolphustown and died in 1840.)

    Their children were (?) Sarah Clapp, b. abt. 1775?, md. --- Griffin.  She d. 1850, age (?)80.
    John Clapp, b. abt 1778, md. Elizabeth Smith, dau. of Comfort Smith.
    Gilbert Clapp, md. Elizabeth Bedell, his first cousin, dau. of Reuben Bedell and Letty Dorland.
    Dorland Clapp.
    Thomas Clapp, md. Mary Jacob.
    Benjamin Clapp, md. Mary Roblin, b. 1782, dau. of Philip Roblin, Sr. and Elizabeth Miller.
    Philip Clapp, md. Emily Ferris, dau. of James Ferris of Newcastle.
    Letty Clapp, md. 30 Aug 1800 James Brown by Rev. Silas Constant.

    This researcher is still not convinced. It seems very natural that Mary Dorland came to Upper Canada with her brothers and Elias came with his siblings. The conclusion is left unchanged and invites discussion.


    1A. New Conclusions.
    1. Joseph Clapp, husband of Mercy Carpenter, did not die in 1776 as stated in the Clapp Memorial and PLBQ. The Quaker records have entries for him as late as November 1788 so he died sometime after that, probably in Dutchess County.
    2. Joseph Clapp who married Nancy Miller died 30 Nov 1812 in Kingston while on military duty. It appears his wife married again to a man with the surname Short.
    3. Elias Clapp who married Mary Dorland was a son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter and his placement in the family in the Clapp memorial is in error. 


    2. QUAKER RECORDS
    In 2015, a small team of people transcribed a number of Nine Partners Minute books and the transcriptions are posted on the Canadian Friends [Quakers] Hist. Assoc web site - links are given below. These minute books have provided more information on the Clapp family while in Dutchess County.

    Nine Partners Digest 1781-1898
    20 11mo 1793: Mercy Clapp wife of Joseph Clapp hath removed with her husband and family to Balltown [Ballston, NY] in the verge of Saratoga M.M.
    15 5mo 1794: Deborah Clapp wife of William Clapp has settled in the verge of Nine Partners.
    17 4mo 1795: James Clapp and wife Phebe and children: Jacob, Sarah, Thomas?, Nicholas, Hannah, James removed from Creek to Nine Partners.
    20 8mo 1800: Deborah Clapp (wife to William) a member at Oswego hath removed to Upper Canada.
    Source: Ninepartners Removals Digest 1781-1898, transcription will be posted on CFHA website soon.

    Nine Partners Digest 1769 - 98
    26 10mo 1769: Joseph Clapp acknowledges transgression with Samuel Mabbett.
    13 5mo 1771: Marcy [Mercy in later entries] Clapp witness to marriage
    ? 9mo 1775: Joseph Clapp disowned for harsh treatment.
    19 5mo 1784: Joseph Clapp disowned for poor attendance, not paying debts.
    18 6mo 1783: Elias Clapp, son of Joseph disowned for out of plainness, diversions and profanity.
    20 12mo 1786: Rhoda Clapp disowned, out of plainness, keeping company
    20 2mo 1789: James Clapp disowned, poor attendance, vain fashions
    19 11mo 1788: Joseph Clapp disowned, building a mill and not abiding by agreement of referees.
    Source: Nine Partners Digest 1769-98, transcription at CFHA

    Nine Partners 1779 - 83
    26 1mo 1780: William Clapp desirous of a few lines on account of marriage directed to Purchase MM.
    17 11mo 1780: James Clapp [son of Thomas and Hannah Clapp] and Phebe Haight appeared for proposal of marriage
    19 1mo 1781: James Clapp and Phebe Haight are now married.
    20 4mo 1781: Jesse Clapp son of Thomas Clapp has a right of membership.
    17 7mo 1782: Joseph Clapp has been neglectful of attendance and in dispute with Andrew Moor.
    16 4mo 1783: Elias Clapp son of Joseph Clapp out of plainness, places of diversion and profane.
    14 5mo 1783: Joseph Clapp and Andrew Moor issue still unsettled. Lengthy description here.
    14 5mo 1783: Elias Clapp to be disowned.
    16 7mo 1783: Joseph Clapp sets slave Abraham free.
    20 8mo 1783: Joseph Clapp, poor attendance and has a man guard his mill. He is to be disowned.
    Source: Nine Partners Monthly Meeting Minutes 1779-83, transcription at CFHA.

    Nine Partners 1783 - 90
    14 4mo 1784: Joseph Clapp still not attending, not paying debts, evil reports
    19 5mo 1784: Joseph Clapp is disowned, "there is no reason to expect an appeal."
    12 7mo 1784: Joseph Clapp appealing at next Quarterly Meeting.
    18 10mo 1786: Oswego Mtg informs that James Clapp son of Joseph Clapp is apprenticed
    20 12 1786: Rhoda Clapp is disowned (Women's report)
    19 12mo 1787: James Clapp son of Joseph neglectful of attendance, gone into vain fashion.
    16 1mo 1788: James Clapp disowned.
    20 1mo 1790: Benjamin Clapp, son of Joseph, neglects attendance, out of plainness, corrupt language.
    25 2mo 1790: Benjamin Clapp disowned.
    17 3mo 1790: William Clapp, son of Joseph, neglects attendance, places of diversion, out of plainness, disowned.
    Source: Nine Partners Monthly Meeting Minutes 1783-90, transcription at CFHA.

    Nine Partners 1790 - 97
    14 3mo 1793: Hannah dau of Thomas Clapp desires membership.
    20 6mo 1792: Ruth Clapp dau. of Joseph Clapp, out of plainness and places of diversion, disowned.
    19 9mo 1792: Martha Clapp dau of Thomas Clapp desires membership.
    20 11mo 1793: Mary Clapp, wife of Joseph, removal directed to Saratoga Mtg.
    20 8mo 1794: Deborah, wife of William Clapp removal from Creek MM.
    19 8mo 1795: James Clapp and wife Phebe, children Hannah and Sarah, removal from Creek MM. (see Women's minutes for children's names.)
    Source: Nine Partners Monthly Meeting Minutes 1790-97, transcription at CFHA.

    Nine Partners Women's 1790-1811
    20 8mo 1794: certificate from Creek, Deborah Clapp wife of William Clapp
    17 9mo 1794: Hannah Clapp named to a committee
    19 8mo 1795: certificate from Creek, Phebe Clapp wife of James Clapp and children Sarah and Hannah.
    21 8mo 1800: certificate from Oswego for Deborah Clapp
    Source: Nine Partners Womens Monthly Meeting Minutes 1794-1811, transcription at CFHA.

    Adolphustown 1798-1813
    21 8mo 1800: Samuel Clapp, son of William is a member at Ninepartners and rec'd as member.
    20 10mo 1808: Elizabeth Clapp rec'd as member from Oswego meeting.
    20 4mo 1809: Samuel Clapp named on committee.
    Source: Adolphustown MM Minutes 1798-1813, transcription online at Canadian Quaker Archives



    3. 1783-1789 RECORDS
    NY REFERENCES
    "Joseph was path master in 1782 but went to Canada.  They had ch: Sarah, Philip, Catherine, Patience, James, George, Samuel.  He was noted on the Duncan store books ca. 1790. [DSCB E:345].  William Huddleston was fined 50 for an assault on Joseph Clapp Jr. [10 Oct 1780 GS]."
    Source: Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Vol. 3, F. J. Doherty, 1995, p. 436."

    1783 QUEBEC
    Ship Hope arrives from N. York under Capt Ruttan with 38 men, 18 women, 18 children over 10, 11 children under 10 and 1 servant for 86 total. None of the passengers are named. 
    Source: Haldimand Papers, British Library, Return of Loyalists arrived from New York, ship Hope, 17 Aug 1783, Add Mss 21808, H-1649, B-148, p. 168, on line Heritage Canadiana, image 1251
    Source: Voyage of a Different Kind, An account of refugees victualed on Board the Hope, p. 119, No Clapp named, PRO WO 60 Vol 23 Part II.

    1784 Loyalist List
    1. A large number of Millers on page 212.
    2. No Clapps are loyalists - p. 155.
    3. Roblins on page 243.
    Source: The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada 1784-1884, Rose Pub, 1885, online here


    1784 ADOLPHUSTOWN
    Philip Roblin, Loyalist, 1 man, 1 woman, 3 boys above 10, 2 females under 10. Man and three boys on their land.
    No Millers or Clapps on the 3 page list.
    Source: Haldimand Papers, British Library, Disbanded Troops and Loyalists, No 4 Cataraqui [Adolphustown], 5 Oct 1784, Add Mss 21828, H1655, B-168, p. 70, on line Heritage Canadiana, image 181

    1789 LAND GRANT
    Elias & Joseph Clapp, 4th March 1789, lot 12, 200 acres, Con 2, Richmond Tp.
    Benjamin Clapp, 18th March 1789, 1/2 lot 2, 100 acres, Con 4, Thurlow Tp.
    Source: Upper Canada Land Board Minutes and Records, 1765-1804, RG1 L4, LAC, Mecklenburg District, List of Lands Granted by authority of the Board for the District of Mecklenburg between 1 Oct 1788 and 23 Sept 1789 inclusive, Vol 7, 52, 53, 132, C-14027, see image 375 online here at Heritage Canadiana.

    NY 1800 Census
    Clapp names all under Dutchess Co.
    Cornbury, 142
    Elias, 59
    Henry, 120
    James, 114
    James, 142
    Jesse, 14
    Jesse 1, 18
    John, 111
    Joseph, 59
    Index to the 1800 Census of NY, Barbara Kay Armstrong, Baltimore, 1984



    4. RECORDS OF SOME OF THE CLAPPS IN UPPER CANADA
    Those individuals with an asterisk * are children of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter.

    4A. RECORDS OF SAMPSON STRIKER and his wife Ursula Clapp*
    BIRTH & DEATH
    Some online lineages have Ursula's birth as 2 Sept 1758 and her death as 13 Feb 1813 in Hallowell Tp., Prince Edward Co., UC. No citation has been found.

    1790 PETITION
    2 June 1790, Kingston, Samson Striker, late Sergt in Colonel Delancy's Corps, petitioner is entitled to 400 acres for himself and family consisting of a wife and three children, has rec'd 200 acres and prays for 200 acres in sixth town. Rejected and no reason given.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V494, S misc 1787-94/322, C-2832, on line image 893

    1790 LAND BOARD
    2 June 1790: No 353, Samson Striker of Sophiasburgh prays for 200 acres. Mr Striker appears to have been a Sergeant in Delanceys Corps but on the peace married & remained in NY until Sept 1786. In 1787 he received a certificate for 200 acres ... and the board do not conceive him entitled to any further allowance.
    Source: Land Board of Upper Canada, RG1 L4, LAC, V7, p. 163, C-14027, on line image 477

    May - Aug 1790: The board concurs in the propriety of location certificates being issued.
    Samson Striker, No 353
    Source: Land Board of Upper Canada, RG1 L4, LAC, V7, p. 216, C-14027, on line image 527

    c1790, Schedule of lots granted, Township of Marysburgh, Samson Striker, Lot [20], first con., 200 acres
    Source: Land Board of Upper Canada, RG1 L4, LAC, V13, p. 48, C-14028, on line image 199

    Source: Land Board of Upper Canada, 21 Jan 1806, Elizabeth Clapp, of Fredericksburgh, free grant, DUE, RG1 L4, LAC, V12, p. 33, C-14028, on line image 111

    5 Feb 1793, Land Board Adolphustown, Memorial No 84: Sampson Striker loyalist has drawn lot No 20 first concession east of the east Lake Marysburgh  ...
    Source: Land Board of Upper Canada, RG1 L4, LAC, V8, p. 216, C-14027, on line image 681

    1793 PETITION
    19 Feb 1793, Adolphustown, Samson Striker has rec'd 200 acres "at the east side of the Little Lake." Prays for 200 more. Granted.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V494, S misc 1787-94/321, C-2832, on line image 890

    1833 PETITION
    9 July 1833, Adolphustown, Rhoda Clapp of Marysburgh is the daughter of Sampson Striker of Hallowell, a UE Loyalist, never rec'd lands ... prays for 200 acres ... recommended in Council, 1 May 1834
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V114, C18/222, C-1727, on line image 816

    Daughter Rhoda married Hiram Striker.
    Descendant Barbara L Hill sent this list of children in March 2017. Barbara writes, "I am descended from Samson or Sampson Striker and his wife Ursula Clapp, via their daughter Rhoda Striker, who married a cousin named Hiram Clapp.  Rhoda Striker was born about 1800; Hiram was born about April 1796.  Hiram is my brick wall.  The family story was that he and Rhoda eloped when he was 17 and she was 15; their first child was a son named Norman Clapp who died in 1817."
    1. Norman, died in 1817 in infancy.
    2. Another child who d. in infancy, and I don't know the birth order.
    3. Melissa B., born about 1820, died 13 June 1892; married twice; (1) to Dr. John Keogh on 22 May 1843 in Prince Edward County, Ontario; and (2) to Dr. Luther Ross (a dentist) about 1850?  They had 7 children and migrated to Wisconsin, then Iowa, then Kansas.
    4. Joseph, born about 1826 possibly in New York, lived in Marcellon, Wisconsin 1860-1870, nothing further known.
    5. Sarah Elizabeth, went by Elizabeth, born 10 May 1827 apparently in New York; died 17 May 1900 in Spokane County, Washington.  Married Cornelius William Gibson, a native of Canada, who had been married once before.  4 known children of this marriage.  They were living in Brighton Township, Northumberland Co., Ontario in the 1861 census; in Iowa in the 1870 census; in Kansas in the 1880 census.  Had an unmarried daughter living in Spokane, which is why both she and C.W. Gibson died there.
    6. Jane or Eujane, born 27 Sept. 1833 in Ontario; family records say Milton or Hamilton, which I think are 2 different places.  She died 10 April 1912 in Buckley, Pierce County, Washington.  Married Rev. Roswell Graves (1837-1883) on 18 Aug. 1857 in Wyocena, Columbia Co., Wisconsin.  7 children.  From Wisconsin they crossed the continent by wagon train to California in about 1864.  After the death of Rev. Graves, their children (all but one) gradually moved to the Pacific Northwest, and some of their grandchildren returned to Canada -- B.C. and Alberta.
    7. Charlotte Emily, usually went by Emily, born about 1842 in Canada, died about 1906, probably in California.  She took care of the parents in their old age and didn't marry until late in life, to John Smith McGuire.  The 1900 census said she was 55 and they had been married for 12 years.  No children.




    4B. RECORDS OF RHODA CLAPP* and her husband Abraham Losee
    Nothing yet.


    4C. RECORDS OF JOSEPH CLAPP JR* (abt 1768 - 30 Nov 1812) and Nancy Miller
    BIRTH
    1. Joseph Clapp is stated to be 18 years of age in Jan 1787 when he arrived in Upper Canada with his sister Ursula and brother in law, Sampson Striker. Thus; 1786 - 18 = born abt 1768. [PLBQ, 192]
    2. Another source says he was born in 1762. [Clapp, 294a]

    1812 PETITION
    19 Feb 1812, petition of Joseph Clapp regarding W[est] half, lot 13, Con 3, Adolphustown, 80 acres, requesting new patent that accurately describes the lot.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V87, Cb/80, C-1646, on line image 604.

    1821 PETITION
    2 May 1821, petition of Philip Clapp, born at Adolphustown, taken oath of allegiance, is 27 years of age, and did his duty in [war or 1812], that lot 24, south side Black Creek was originally granted to Archibald Mcdonell Esq and sold to the late Richard Cartwright who sold it to the petitioners father the late Joseph Clapp deceased ... about a survey error
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V104, C13/94, C-1723, on line image 1036

    EMIGRATING
    "When Joseph Clapp, United Empire Loyalist, moved to Milford from Adolphustown in 1808, he came for the purpose of engaging in the lumber trade." [Note: Joseph Clapp is a Loyalist.]
    Source: Marine Memories, Willis Metcalfe, Picton Gazette, 1975, , p. 46

    1802 LAND DEAL
    Joseph Clapp obtained 80 acres from Crown on 21 Dec 1802, Lot 13, Conc 3, Adolphustown.
    Source: Adolphustown Abstract Land Books, Lennox and Addington, AO, GS 4614

    WAR 1812
    Clapp, Joseph, Private, is listed in the 1st Prince Edward Regiment. Soldiers of the King, Upper Canadian Militia, 1812 - 1815, reference guide, Wm. Gray, 1995, p. 123.

    1815 PATENT FEES PAID
    J Clapp & Hy Miller, 200 acres, Richmond Tp., 3/5/2
    [Note: Is Henry Miller the brother of Nancy Ann Miller, the wife of Joseph Clapp?]
    Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG5 A1, LAC, Schedule of Deeds ... patent fees have been paid ... between 1 July 1811 and 31 Dec 1815 inclusive, Vol 25, 11385, see image 110 at Heritage Canadiana.

    MARRIAGE of daughter
    15 Mar 1809: John Van de Water & Sarah Clapp, Fredericksburgh [8]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980

    WILL OF JOSEPH CLAPP
    27 Mar 1812, reg 17 May 1832
    Wife Nancy, all my Real and Personal estate to be disposed of at the discretion of the Executors; to my first born son, Philip, 100 acres, lot 27 and the use of my saw mill for one year; to my sons James and George my saw mill after Philips time, and the ten acres of land belonging to it when they come of age, until such time it is to be at the disposal of the executors for the support of my wife and the maintenance of my family; to my two daughters Caty and Patience shall have a good outset of it may be done without distressing the remaining part of the family. Appoint my wife Nancy, John McBean and Arra Ferguson executors. At my wifes death my undisposed lands be divided equally between my two youngest sons Samuel and Joseph, also they have the stock. My two girls is to have their mothers clothing and household furniture. Witnesses John McBean, Ursula Byrris?, John Byrnes
    Source: PEC Deeds, 1589-2173, 1830-33, AO, Vol R, GS 5197,  #1959, Bk R (best copy)
    Source: Surrogate Court Records, Frontenac Co, Kingston, Wills, RG 22-159, AO, GS 1, reel 1222 (very hard to read)



    4C i. Children of Joseph Clapp and Nancy Miller

    Joseph Clapp and Nancy Millar had the following children:

    i.      SARAH CLAPP was born on 01 Feb 1791. She died on 11 Feb 1856 in Whites Cemetery, Row 8 (ae 65 yrs & 11 days). She married Jan (John) Vandewater, son of Jacobus (James) Vandewater and Rachel Van Kleek on 15 Mar 1809 in Fredericksburgh, UC. He was born on 08 Sep 1782 in Bap 13 Oct. 1782, no spon; New Hackensack DRC. He died on 28 Feb 1869 in Whites Cemetery, Row 8 (aged 88 yrs 2 mos).
    ii.     PHILIP CLAPP.  He married MELINDA HEAD.
    iii.    JAMES CLAPP was born after 1796. He married JANE SPROULE.
    iv.    GEORGE CLAPP was born after 1796. He married NANCY HERBERT.
    v.    CATHERINE CLAPP.  She married LEVI BALDWIN and then JESSE BALDWIN. [See this pdf of this family and short history of their migration to the USA. Thanks to Robin Strickland for this information; email April 2016.]
    vi.    PATIENCE CLAPP.  She married EDWARD DULMAGE.
    vii.   SAMUEL CLAPP was born after 1796. He married SARAH FRALICK.
    viii.   JOSEPH CLAPP was born after 1796. He married SUSAN FRALICK.



    4C ii. Death of Joseph and possible remarriage of his wife Nancy
    In Oct 2015, Linda Smith discovered the record below stating that Joseph Clapp died on 30 Nov 1812. His wife, Nancy Miller, is named Nancy Short. It is likely that she remarried. The children named are known sons of Joseph Clapp and Nancy Miller from other records. Son Philip would have been over age 16. Interestingly, Joseph Clapps name is not included in Owen Clapps militia lists that are transcribed on this web page. There is a James Clapp who served in the summer of 1813 under Richards. However there is a Joseph Clapp, private, on the pay list for 25 Oct to 24 Nov under Capt John Allen.

    WAR 1812 PENSION
    Board appointed ... to examine into and report the claims of such widows and children, in the Midland District, whose husbands and fathers may have died of Disease contracted on Service
    23 April 1817, Kingston
    5. Nancy Short, heretofore widow of Joseph Clapp, private Militia Man of Prince Edward Militia, who died 30th Nov 1812, of disease contracted while on duty as a militia man at Kingston; certified by Captain Owen Richards of the same battalion: Prays to be admitted on the pension list as guardian to her children James Clapp, George Clapp, Samuel Clapp, and Joseph Clapp, all under sixteen years of age. ... Approved Francis Gore
    Source: Upper Canada Sundries, RG5 A1, LAC, Apr-June 1817, Vol 32, 15045, see image 999 at Heritage Canadiana for the start of the Board minutes. The Clapp info is on image 1000.



    4D. RECORDS OF BENJAMIN CLAPP*
    PARENTAGE
    Benjamin Clapp is named as a son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter. No further information is given [Clapp, 294]. Benjamin is also named as a son of Joseph in the Nine Partner minute books. He came to Upper Canada and stayed in Adolphustown.

    ADOLPHUSTOWN CENSUS
    The census tells a convincing story. Brother Joseph is present in 1794 with a wife and young son and daughter and he leaves Adolphustown by the next census in 1795. Brother Benjamin stays in Adolphustown on his farm.

    Year
    Name
    Men
    Women
    Males
    Females
    Total
    1794
    Joseph
    1
    1
    1
    1
    4
    1794
    Benjamin
    2
    1
    1
    4
    8
    1795
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    3
    4
    9
    1796
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    3
    4
    9
    1797
    Benjamin
    1
    2
    3
    3
    9
    1799
    Benjamin
    3
    1
    3
    4
    10
    1800
    Benjamin
    1
    2
    3
    4
    10
    1800
    Gilbert
    3



    3
    1801
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    4
    4
    10
    1801
    Gilbert
    1
    1
    1

    3
    1802
    Benjamin
    1
    2
    4
    3
    10
    1802
    Gilbert
    1
    1

    1
    3
    1803
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    3
    4
    9
    1803
    Gilbert
    1
    1

    2
    4
    1804
    Benjamin
    2
    1
    2
    3
    8
    1804
    Gilbert D.
    1
    1
    1
    1
    4
    1805
    Benjamin
    2
    3
    2
    1
    8
    1806
    Benjamin
    2
    3
    2
    1
    8
    1807
    Benjamin
    2
    3
    2

    7
    1808
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    2
    2
    6
    1809
    Benjamin
    4
    3


    7
    1810
    Benjamin
    1
    3
    2
    1
    7
    1811
    Benjamin
    1
    1
    2
    1
    5
    1812
    Benjamin
    3
    1


    4
    1813
    Benjamin
    3
    1

    1
    5
    1814
    Benjamin
    3
    1


    4
    1815
    Benjamin
    2
    1


    3
    1820
    Benjamin
    1
    1


    2
    1820
    Gilbert
    2
    1
    1
    2
    6
    1820
    Paul
    2
    1
    1
    1
    5
    Source: Census for the Township of Adolphustown 1794 to 1822.

    1789 CROWN LAND RECORD
    18 Mar 1789, Benjamin Clapp, free grant, lot 1, con 4, Thurlow Tp.
    Source: Crown Land Record, V11, p. 119, MS400, reel 7, film at AO.

    1797 PETITION
    9 Aug 1797, Adolphustown, petition of Benjamin Clapp, removed to this province in 1788 with a wife and four children and rec'd 200 acres which he has settled and improved; your petitioner beg leave to represent that he was at a great expence and trouble in the states in the time of the War in forwarding persons on His Majestys service for which he has never received any recompense. Prays for a further quantity of land. Recommended for 250 acres of family lands.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V91, C3/119, C-1648, on line image 284

    30 Aug 1797, Benj Clapp, of Adolphustown, free grant, lot 1, con 5 and lot 1/41, con 4, both of Murray Tp.
    Source: Fiats and Warrants, V13, p. 198, MS693 r. 20 and V15, p. 514, MS693, r. 21, films at AO.

    MARRIAGE
    6 Apr 1803: Benjamin Clapp of Fredericksburgh m. Elizabeth Roblin of Adolphustown [p. 4]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980

    1805 PETITION
    8 Sep 1805: Petition of Elizabeth Clapp, Fredericksburg, daughter of Philip Roblin of Adolphustown a UE Loyalist, that she is married to Benjamin Clapp and has never rec'd lands ... prays for 200 acres ... permit Richard Ferguson Esq of York to be her agent ... approved ... entered in land Book F page 372.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V95, C7/41, C-1650, on line image 168

    21 Jan 1806, Elizabeth Clapp, of Fredericksburgh, free grant, DUE, Lot 50, Con 4, Camden Tp
    Source: Fiats and Warrants, V80, p. 66, MS693 r. 105 and Locations, V3, p. 8, MS693, r. 157, films at AO.

    1808 PETITION
    12 Jan 1808, petition of Elizabeth Clapp of Fredericksburgh, is the dau of Philip Roblin, Adolphustown, an UE loyalist, deceased, that she is married to Benjamin Clapp ... prays for 200 acres ... Mr John Dutton of York to be her agent. Granted 200 acres 21 Jan 1816 [sic].
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V87, Cb/52, C-1646, on line image 484.



    4E. RECORDS OF ELIAS CLAPP*
    I have concluded that Elias is a son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter. See the overview for the argument.

    BIRTH & DEATH
    1. An Elias, son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter, who married an unnamed woman and had a son John is named in the Clapp Memorial. [294]
    2. Another Elias, son of Henry Clapp who is a younger brother to the above Joseph Clapp, is stated to have married Mary Dorland and settled in Upper Canada. Their children are; Sarah, Samuel, Anna, Gilbert, John, Benjamin, Letty, Thomas, Dorland and Philip. [Clapp, 294c, d]
    3. PLBQ states that "another member of this family" was Elias Clapp who married Mary Dorland and had 6 sons and 3 daughters. Their son John married Sarah Smith. [195]

    1790 CROWN LAND RECORD
    1790, Elias Clapp, free grant, lot 12, con 2, Richmond Tp.
    1800, Elias Clapp, free grant, lot 12, con 2, Richmond Tp.
    Source: Crown Land Record, V9, p. 105, and V11, p. 130, both on MS400, reel 7, film at AO.



    4F. RECORDS OF NATHANIEL CLAPP*
    PARENTAGE
    Nathaniel Clapp is named as a son of Joseph Clapp and Mercy Carpenter. No further information is given [Clapp, 294]

    So far, nothing has been found for Nathaniel in Upper Canada.



    4H. RECORDS OF JAMES CLAPP
    This James Clapp is probably a son of Joseph Clapp Jr. and he married Jane Sproule. Perhaps her father was David Clinton or Linton as a David Clinton was granted land as a settler in 1789. There must be some reason behind the petition below.

    LIST OF SETTLERS ON SOUTH SIDE OF LAKE
    James Clapp named as a settler on south side of East Lake. c 1800
    Source: History of the Settlement of Upper Canada, William Canniff, 469

    1837 PETITION
    25 Jan 1837, James Clapp, of Marysburgh, that David C Linton drew 200 acres for his service in the Revolutionary War being lot 13 in the 9th Con, Edwardsburgh which lot was afterwards granted to other persons ... prays that lands of equal value be granted to David C Linton ... be obtained by the heirs or assigns of the said David C Linton ...
    [fold notes] Applying to locate land. Not recommended. Nothing to show why James Clapp should make this application as there appears no order in council in favour of David C Linton [Clinton?] except that his name was entered on the Quebec Plan for the lot in Edwardsburgh Tp. since located & granted.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V120, C20/152, C-1729, on line image 943



    4I. RECORDS OF JOHN CLAPP and his wife Sarah, of Fredericksburg
    Will of John Clapp, d. 27 May 1854, Fredericksburg
    Note: The original will was lost and there are over 40 pages of affidavits concerning the authenticity of a copy that was made. The following is synopsis of these many pages.

    31 Oct 1857, Elias Clapp, of Fredericksburgh, father of John Clapp, of Fredericksburgh swears the will, made in 1846, of John Clapp was kept in a trunk at his dwelling and the key was in possession of Sarah Clapp his wife and after the death of John Clapp the will was copied and returned by Gilbert S[mith] Clapp. Two or three weeks later the said will was lost. Gilbert Smith Clapp of Napanee, eldest son of John Clapp, makes similar statement to above. Adds that Sarah was John Clapps only wife and mother of his legitimate children. Executors are Sarah Clapp, Gilbert S Clapp, Allen Clapp and John Clapp [Jr] of Richmond Tp, yeomen. Elias Clapp, Dorland Clapp of Fredericksburgh, Elizabeth Vandewater, Sarah Ann Clapp, Mary Nugent all children of John Clapp deceased, acknowledge the copy of the will.

    The copied will states: John Clapp Senior, Fredericksburgh, to my beloved wife the E half of lot 13, con 3, Fredericksburgh additional, as much furniture as she wants; to my daughters Mary and Sarah Ann 2 acres of said lot [above], to my son John S half lot 9, con 2 Fredericksburgh Additional, 15 acres, SW angle lot 8, con 2, span of horses; to my son Dorland 5 shillings and have suitable provisions some time ago; to my son Elias 10 pounds having given him a deed of land some time ago; to my daughter Elizabeth 75 pounds; to the daughter of my late daughter Margaret 50 pounds; to my daughters Mary and Sarah Ann furniture and cattle; to my son Allen block of land called no 12 lying between cons 2 and 3.; to my son Smith W half lot 13, con 3, Fred. Add., plus more; executors to sell lot 6, 3 con, and 25 acres E half lot 12, con 3. Executors, wife, sons Gilbert, Allen and John. 4 Jun 1846.
    Source: Probate Court Records, Frontenac Co, Kingston, RG 22-155, AO, MS638, reel 44

    REV JOHN LANGHORN
    5 Mar 1810: [born] Gilbert Smith Clapp, son of John & Sarah Clapp, Fredericksburgh
    Source: Anglican Registers 1787-1814, Rev John Langhorn, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980

    4J. RECORDS OF JOHN CLAPP  and wife Sally Smith
    1809 PETITION
    30 Jan 1809: petition of Sally Clapp dagter [sic] of Comfort Smith UE Loyalist, Fredericksburgh, that she is married to John Clapp, Fredericksburg and has never rec'd land ... prays for 200 acres ... Mr John Dutter of York to be her agent. Recommended. Entered in Land Book H page 119.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V97, C9/30, C-1650, on line image 906


    4K. RECORDS OF GILBERT DORLAND CLAPP
    1811 PETITION
    23 Jan 1811, Hallowell, petition of Gilbert Dorland Clapp of Hallowell has been a settler in Upper Canada for the space of ten or eleven years [c 1800], has taken the oath of allegiance, never drawn land, prays for 200 acres ... his agent Thomas Dorland Esq to pay the fees of survey and patent money ... approved entered in Land Book E page 92
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V98, C10/38, C-1651, on line image 399

    MARRIAGE
    3 Dec 1817: Gilbert D. Clapp & Mary Roblin, Adolphustown [18]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980



    4K. RECORDS OF PAUL CLAPP
    1818 PETITION
    16 July 1818, petition of Margaret Clapp, Adolphustown, daughter of Cornelius Vanhorn, Adolphustown, a UE Loyalist and married to Paul Clapp ... prays for 200 acres .. approved entered in Book F page 370.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V103, C12/277, C-1723, on line image 398

    MARRIAGE
    1 Jan 1816: Paul Clapp & Margaret Van Horn, Adolphustown [16]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980


    4L. RECORDS OF REUBEN B. CLAPP
    Reuben Clapp is the son of Gilbert and Elizabeth Clapp. Reuben B. Clapp and Elida Canniff were married on 13 June 1826 by Rev McDowell. [PLBQ, 194. The marriage is not found in the McDowell Register.]

    1827 PETITIONS
    24 Jan 1827, Elida [Alida] Clapp, Adolphustown, daughter of James Canniff of Adolphustown, UE Loyalist, prays for 200 acres ... recommended 7 Oct 1830 [Alida m. Reuben B. Clapp. See PLBQ 194.]
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V109, C16/65, C-1725, on line image 958
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V120, C20/155, C-1729, on line image 953



    4M. RECORDS OF THOMAS CLAPP
    1837 PETITION
    Oct 1837, Thomas Clapp, Thurlow, that Moses Jacobs emigrated to this province 40 years ago, deceased. He left a daughter Sarah Jacobs, the wife of your petitioner, prays that Moses Jacobs be added to UE list and for land as DUE. Daniel Ostrum and Jacob W Meyers certify the claim to be true. Not recommended.
    Source: UCLP, Rg 1 L3, LAC, V121, C21/41, C-1730, on line image 228

    MARRIAGE
    16 Nov 1808: Thomas Clapp & Sarah Jacob, Fredericksburgh [8]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980


    5. THE CLAPPS - T.W. Casey
    The Clapps - There were quite a number of members of the Clapp family, who, first and last, held public offices in the township. They came from Duchess County and were Quakers originally. One or two families lived in Fredericksburgh, near the Adolphustown boundary. They have been more or less intermarried with the Dorlands, both in the States and here. Benjamin Clapp was one of the principal ones in Adolphustown. One son, Paul Clapp, J.P., became a leading farmer and J.P. in Hillier, Prince Edward. Two of the daughters, Jemima and Phebe, married respectively John and Burger Huyck, living north of Hay Bay. The Huycks and their sons mostly lived and died there, and were elected to a number of township offices, first and last. But one of the name now resides in the township. Two others of Benjamin's daughters, Tabitha and Deborah married ___ Hagerman and Rudulph Purdy, leading farmers in Sydney, Hastings County. Several of the relatives have been prominent men in Prince Edwards; one, Robert, was warden and a candidate for the Legislature in the Conservative interest. Another, James, is now the Mayor of the Town of Picton. The family were characterized for energy and business shrewdness. John Clapp was a soldier in Burgoyne's army during the war. Reuben B. Clapp, one of the last of the town clerks, was a son of Joseph Clapp, and lived in the 3rd concession on the Hay Bay shore. He died in the township. He married a daughter of James Canniff and reared several children, but none live in the township now, or any of their children.
    Source: Mr. T.W. Casey of Napanee, 61 Victoria Sessional Papers (No. 32) A.1898, Personal Notes (pgs 55-69), Bill Martin's web site, Dec 2004



    6. PLBQ
    Joseph Clapp, a lineal descendant of George Gilson Clapp, M.D., married Mercy Carpenter, and died in Dutchess County, N. Y., about 1776. At least, five of his children came to Canada, to wit, three brothers, Joseph, Benjamin and James, and two sisters, namely, Rhoda, who married Mr. Losee, and settled near Bath, and Ursula, who married Sampson Striker, and died in Hallowell.

    Sampson Striker, and his brother-in-law, Joseph Clapp, then eighteen years of age, came together to Ontario, via Lake Champlain, Montreal, and up the St. Lawrence with a sleigh and a pair of horses, in the month of January, 1887, and finally settled in Adolphustown, having been twenty-eight days on the journey from their home in Dutchess County. This Joseph Clapp, the sixth remove from Dr. George Gilson, at first lived with his brother-inlaw, Sampson Striker, but soon after his arrival in Canada, he ~ married Nancy Millar, a niece of John Roblin, who came over with the Roblin family from Dutchess County. In their old home in the Empire State, the Clapps were members of the Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, but John Roblin was early converted to the Methodist Church by Fathers William Losee and Darius Dunham. In February, 1792, when Rev. William Losee took up a subscription list, to erect a church on Hay Bay (one of the first Methodist churches to be erected in Canada) we find the name of Joseph Clapp as a contributor to the building fund.

    The Clapps have been prominent characters in the municipal life of Adolphustown since that June day on which Major VanAlstine and his party of United Empire Loyalists landed on Hay Bay shore. From the records that have been preserved we find that Benjamin Clapp was in 1793 appointed a Fence Viewer and Overseer of the Highways, and that Benjamin and Gilbert Clapp at different times held each of the various offices at the disposal of the yearly town meetings; and in 1837 we find Reuben B. Clapp appointed Town Clerk.

    In a list of the inhabitants of Adolphustown in 1794 we find the names of two brothers, Benjamin and Joseph Clapp. Mr. Casey mentions a John Clapp as a soldier in Burgoyne's army during the war of the Revolution, and we know John on the 26th January, 1829, attended a sale of the property of Daniel Haight, of Adolphustown, and purchased a pocket compass, a toasting fork, and numerous other articles for which he paid the cash. The first named took up eighty acres on the west half of lot 13, 3rd concession of Adolphustown, and the latter settled on the one hundred acres west-half of lot 25 of the same concession, where he lived and died.

    Joseph probably traded his eighty acres for supplies and stock before he crossed the Bay to Prince Edward County. He finally located at Milford, where he was the owner of several hundred acres. The greater portion of the land under the old law of primogeniture fell to Joseph's eldest son, Philip. Philip was killed by lightning September 16th, 1832, and left a large estate to his young son, Philip, who, at maturity, gave three hundred acres to his two sisters, Nancy and Sarah. Nancy married and settled on hers; but Sarah married in North Marysburg and disposed of her share. In this way, with a subdivision going on with each fresh generation, it is easily understood how many of the large tracts of land held by the pioneers have dwindled down into small farms, or are now not even held in the old name.

    A love for machinery would seem always to have been a characteristic trait of the Clapp family. When the pioneer, Joseph, landed in Marysburg he built the first lumber mill in the township. The location of the mill was the origin of the present name of Milford.

    The township was then covered densely with pine and oak. A trade in this lumber was being inaugurated with Europe, by way of Quebec. Sport was excellent and game abounded. David
    B. Clapp, of Picton, a grandson of the pioneer, remembers seeing a big buck shot in the sixties.

    Joseph Clapp does not seem to have been a very strong adherent of the Friends in Canada, for he took up arms in 1812. While performing military duties that year he succumbed to a malady contracted at Kingston. He has left many descendants scattered throughout the Bay of Quinte district, holding important positions in public affairs and commercial enterprises.
     
    James Clapp, the second son of the pioneer Joseph, married an Irish girl called Jane Sproule. She came to Canada with her brothers, and made the whole of the journey from Montreal in Watteau's. The slow progress made may be inferred from the fact that the boat had to be towed with its head pointed outwards. As the current then flowed between the prow and the shore, the batteau was kept from beaching. Joseph, a son of James Clapp, was a Captain in the Sixteenth Battalion of the Prince Edward volunteers, and served in the Fenian Raid in 1866.

    James A. Clapp, son of Samuel and Sarah Fralick Clapp, and grandson of the Pioneer, has now lived for many years in Picton, where he has occupied the highest civic position, and is, perhaps, the town's most prominent citizen.

    Another distinguished member of this famous old family is R. M. Clapp, M.D., MP.P., now living at Mildmay, County of Bruce. The Doctor is a highly educated physician, having graduated at Toronto, and subsequently pursued his studies at Vienna, Berlin, and Leipsic. He enjoys a large and lucrative practice, but still finds time for political interest and public service. He was Reeve of Carrick, 1898-9, and stood for the Provincial Parliament in the riding of South Bruce at the general elections of 1902, but was defeated. In 1905 he was returned for this riding, being its first Conservative member. His predecessors in service were: Hon. Edward Blake, and Hon. Speaker Wells.

    Reuben Clapp, heretofore mentioned as Town Clerk of Adolphustown, in 1837, was a son of Gilbert and Elizabeth Clapp. His grandson, Charles S. Clapp, the well-known merchant of Belleville, has in his possession the old family bible, showing the genealogy of this family for more than a century. From this book, yellow with age, the historian may glean the fact that on June 13th, 1826, Reuben B. Clapp married Elida Canniff, a member of the well-known Canniff family, and first cousin of Dr. Canniff; the historian, the ceremony being performed by Rev. Mr. McDowell.

    Charles S. Clapp, youngest son of Phillip and Sarah Van Tassel Clapp, and grandson of Reuben B. Clapp, was born February 20, 1864, in what is now the City of Belleville. He attended school in the county of Northumberland; and, returning to Belleville about 1880, he at once sought employment in the bakery and confectionery business. Having thoroughly mastered the details of this business, he opened a store on his own account, in 1896, and his business has steadily developed and improved until, to-day, he owns and operates one of the most up-to-date confectionery and bakery establishments in the Bay of Quinte region.

    On October 27, 1896, Mr. Clapp married Ida Story. They attend the Methodist Church. Mr. Clapp is a Liberal in politics, and his fraternal affiliations include the Masons and the I.O.F.

    In 1880, Mr. Clapp joined the 15th Regiment, and, in 1885, was gazetted sergeant, and served through the Northwest Rebellion as a member of Company A., Midland Battalion, commanded by Lieut.-Colonel Williams. In 1890 he was gazetted as 1st Lieutenant, and served until he severed his connection with the regiment in 1902. His military record extended over twenty-two years, during which period he was decorated with the long service medal of the Imperial Government, and a medal for gallant service in the field during the Northwest Rebellion.

    Another member of this numerous family was Elias Clapp, who married Mary Dorland, of the pioneer Dorland family. Of their six sons and three daughters, John married Sarah Smith, and had issue:
    [the issue are named.]
    Source: Pioneer Life on the Bay of Quinte, Rolph, Toronto, 1904, 191-8



    7. MARRIAGES UNPLACED
    • 11 May 1800: Gilbert Clapp & Elizabeth Bedell, both of Adolphustown [3]
    • [no date] between Apr and Aug 1810: Burger Huyck & Phebe Clapp, Adolphustown [10]
    • 6 Nov 1811: Henry Hagerman, Sidney & Tabitha Clapp, Marysburgh [11]
    • 19 Dec 1821: John Fairfield, Ernestown & Elizabeth Clapp, Adolphustown [23]
    Source: Presbyterian Register of Rev Robert James McDowell, 1800-41, OGS, Kingston Branch, 1980